In 1512, however, he was drafted into the Janissary corps.
Since his efforts to modernize the Janissary corps were opposed, he created a new European-style army.
The modern tambourine reentered Europe as part of the Turkish Janissary musical bands in vogue in the 18th century.
The military reforms undertaken by Mahmud II after the Janissary corps was destroyed in 1826 were gradually extended to Iraq.
The “blood tax” took a periodic levy of male children for conversion to Islam and service in the Janissary Corps of the Ottoman army.
Characteristic of Janissary music is its use of a great variety of drums and bells and the combination of bass drum, triangle, and cymbals.
The Janissary corps (elite forces) gained in prominence, and the hereditary Turkish frontier rulers in the Balkans often acted independently of the sultan.
They were janissary soldiers (see below), and they ran the empire, manned its ships, generated much of its handicraft product, and served as domestic servants and in harems.
When introduced it was called a Turkish drum, because it was derived from the instrument used in the Turkish Janissary bands that inspired many late 18th-century European composers.
Janissary, also spelled Janizary, Turkish Yenıçerı (“New Soldier” or “New Troop”), member of an elite corps in the standing army of the Ottoman Empire from the late 14th century to 1826.
Mustafa was replaced by Osman II, Ahmed’s son through another wife, and Kösem was sidelined, but Osman’s reign was cut short after a revolt of the Janissary corps in 1622 ended his life.
So great was the popularity of the Turkish style that many pianos and harpsichords of the time were provided with a Janissary stop, which produced a percussive accompaniment of indefinite pitch.
The Janissary corps was originally staffed through devşirme, a system of tribute by which Christian youths were taken from the Balkan provinces, converted to Islam, and drafted into Ottoman service.
An officer and faction leader of the Janissary garrison in Baghdad, Bakr Ṣū Bāshī, revolted in the early 17th century and negotiated with the Ṣafavid Shah ʿAbbās I in order to strengthen his position.
Western orchestral cymbals derive from those used in the Turkish military bands in vogue in 18th-century Europe (see Janissary music), and cymbals were introduced in work by Joseph Haydn (notably his Military Symphony, 1794), Mozart, and Beethoven.
The taxes that they were required to pay included the devşirme, an occasional levy on male children who were taken from Christian households to be converted to Islam and trained as members of the administrative elite of the empire, including the military Janissary corps.
The dāʾirah and the vase-shaped drum darabukka (in Iran, z̄arb) are used in folk and art music, and the small kettledrums naqqārah and nuqayrat are used in art music and in military music (such as janissary music, the Turkish ensemble adopted by European military musicians).
To counteract their power, he began to build up the power of various non-Turkish groups in his service, particularly those composed of Christian slaves and converts to Islam, whose military arm was organized into a new infantry organization called the Janissary (Yeniçeri; “New Force”) corps.
Janissary music, also called Turkish music, in a narrow sense, the music of the Turkish military establishment, particularly of the Janissaries, an elite corps of royal bodyguards (disbanded 1826); in a broad sense, a particular repertory of European music the military aspect of which derives from conscious imitation of the music of the Janissaries.
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Janissary music also called Turkish music in a narrow sense the music of the Turkish military establishment particularly of the Janissaries an elite corps of royal bodyguards disbanded 1826 in a broad sense a particular repertory of European music the military aspect of which derives from conscious imitation of the music of the Janissaries