At first Sobieski followed a pro-French policy.
I don’t think so,” says Grzegorz Pytel, an energy expert with the Sobieski Institute, a think-tank.
Built for King John III Sobieski in the late 17th century, the Wilanow Palace is considered to be one of the major masterpieces of Polish architecture, and is often referred to as the "Polish Versailles".
In domestic policy Sobieski was least successful.
In 1719 James married Maria Clementina Sobieska, a granddaughter of John III Sobieski of Poland.
In 1673 the king died, and the following year Sobieski was elected as John III Sobieski.
The constitution remained unshakable even during the reign of John Sobieski (1674–96), hero of the relief…
After the death of John III Sobieski of Poland (1696), Augustus became one of 18 candidates for the Polish throne.
The Polish king John III Sobieski defended Vienna against the Turks in 1683 and saved western Europe from a Turkish invasion.
Thus, when a great Turkish army approached Vienna late in the summer of 1683, Sobieski himself rushed there with about 25,000 men.
In the conflict the Polish king, John III Sobieski, led the combined forces of Europe against the Ottoman Turks and defeated them.
An alliance that he had made with the French broke down, and Sobieski began to cooperate with their enemies, the Hapsburgs of Austria.
Michael died in November 1673, and almost on the same day Sobieski won a splendid victory over the Turks under Hussein Paşa near Chocim (Hoţin).
Sobieski also spent large sums on his residences in Żółkiew and Jaworów and especially on the palace of Wilanów near Warsaw, a fine example of Baroque architecture.
The letters of John Sobieski to his wife are remarkable for their passion and tenderness and for their day-by-day account of his experiences in combat and diplomacy.
In the last years of his life, from 1691 until his death in 1696, Sobieski was often seriously ill and had to face quarrels with the nobles and within his own family.
But despite all the failures and disappointments he experienced after 1683, Sobieski was able to deliver southeastern Poland from the threat of Ottoman and Tatar attack.
The great nobles, especially those from Lithuania, were opposed to the French alliance because they feared that Sobieski was striving to attain absolute power with the help of France.
In the campaign that followed in Hungary (in the autumn of 1683), however, Sobieski was less successful, and his relations with the emperor Leopold deteriorated because of differences in temperament and conflicting political plans.
John III Sobieski, Polish Jan Sobieski, (born August 17, 1629, Olesko, Poland—died June 17, 1696, Wilanów), elective king of Poland (1674–96), a soldier who drove back the Ottoman Turks and briefly restored the kingdom of Poland-Lithuania to greatness for the last time.
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