The process of explaining human behaviour, however, is a daunting exercise.
The broken window theory suggests that signs of disorderly and petty criminal behaviour trigger more disorderly and petty criminal behaviour, causing this behaviour to spread.
So if we focus on short-term fitness effects, the behaviour will seem altruistic; but if we focus on lifetime fitness, the behaviour will seem selfish—the animal's lifetime fitness would be reduced if it did not perform the behaviour.
“Mr Zuckerberg, I think you of all people can appreciate using a person’s past behaviour in order to determine, make decisions or predict people’s future behaviour, and in order for us to make decisions about Libra I think we need to kind of dig into your past behaviour and Facebook’s past behaviour with respect to our democracy.
There is evidence of conduct disorder in childhood and antisocial behaviour in…
This exploratory behaviour gradually becomes courtship and mating behaviour.
The aim of behaviour therapy, also known as behaviour modification, is therefore to change behaviour patterns.
Reinforcement encourages the repetition of a behaviour, or response, each time the stimulus that provoked the behaviour recurs.
This is the subject material of behaviour genetics, whose goal is to determine which genes control various aspects of behaviour in animals.
In general, attribution theory concerns how people make judgments about someone’s (or their own) behaviour—that is, the causes to which they attribute behaviour.
In 1963 the first scientific journal devoted to behaviour therapy (Behaviour Research and Therapy) began publication, and in 1966 the Association for Advancement of Behavior Therapy (AABT) was formed.
Mating behaviour in animals includes the signaling of intent to mate, the attraction of mates, courtship, copulation, postcopulatory behaviours that protect a male’s paternity, and parental behaviour.
In some cases in which norms and standards promote aggressive behaviour (e.g., soldiers dressed in uniform may trigger norms associated with fighting and aggression), aggression and antisocial behaviour may result.
With the more or less continuous shifts of values in any society, emerging values are first given group expression in collective behaviour; efforts to revitalize declining values also bring forth collective behaviour.
Further, human behaviour is not fixed to the extent that animal behaviour is, partly because man rapidly evolves different patterns of behaviour in response to environmental factors, such as geography, climate, and contact with other social groups.
Within the context of collective behaviour, situational collective violence can be understood as spontaneous behaviour, and organized collective violence and institutional collective violence can be combined into the category of organized collective behaviour.
The social learning theory of Ronald Akers expanded behaviour theory to encompass ways in which behaviour is learned from contacts within the family and other intimate groups, from social contacts outside the family (particularly from peer groups), and from exposure to models of behaviour in the media, particularly television.
Collective behaviour resembles organized group behaviour in that it consists of people acting together; but it is more spontaneous—and consequently more volatile and less predictable—than is behaviour in groups that have well-established rules and traditions specifying their purposes, membership, leadership, and method of operation.
Although the bulk of Wilson’s book is not controversial, a final chapter attempting to understand the evolution of human social behaviour using adaptationist principles ignited such an intense debate that the very word sociobiology, until that time used synonymously with animal social behaviour, is now usually restricted to the application of such principles to human behaviour.
Proximate mechanisms are required to trigger the onset of a particular behaviour—such as sexual behaviour in rats (Rattus), the development of singing behaviour and song recognition in white-crowned sparrows (Zonotrichia leucophrys), the cessation of brood care and the onset of foraging behaviour in worker honeybees, and the development of bright plumage and sexual display in the superb fairy wren.
- the action or reaction of something (as a machine or substance) under specified circumstances
- (behavioral attributes) the way a person behaves toward other people
- (psychology) the aggregate of the responses or reactions or movements made by an organism in any situation
- manner of acting or controlling yourself
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Proximate mechanisms are required to trigger the onset of a particular behaviour—such as sexual behaviour in rats Rattus the development of singing behaviour and song recognition in white-crowned sparrows Zonotrichia leucophrys the cessation of brood care and the onset of foraging behaviour in worker honeybees and the development of bright plumage and sexual display in the superb fairy wren