This brings us to the key notion of “hypothesis”.
The frustration-aggression hypothesis exerted a very strong influence on decades of research.
As this happens, the posterior probability of the true hypothesis may approach 1.
Additional criteria are required to evaluate the hypothesis yielded by abductive inferences.
Third, what exactly does the Past Hypothesis say in the context of our best and most recent physics?
The basic logic of the hypothesis was incorporated into several versions of relative deprivation theory.
The overall question here is how we should understand the probability assigned to a statistical hypothesis.
Selective skepticism, in contrast, is typically motivated by appeal to one or another skeptical hypothesis.
Finally, it is worth noting that the schema of abductive reasoning does not explain the very act of conceiving a hypothesis or hypothesis-type.
Thus to level the charge of ad hocness against a hypothesis was actually to direct serious skepticism toward the theory the hypothesis was meant to rescue.
The Heiskanen hypothesis, developed by Finnish geodesist Weikko Aleksanteri Heiskanen, is an intermediate, or compromise, hypothesis between Airy’s and Pratt’s.
Hypothesis: he presents a thesis as a hypothesis rather than providing a strict demonstration of the thesis, even if he is capable of providing the demonstration.
An initial hypothesis (null hypothesis) might predict, for example, that the widths of a precision part manufactured in batches will conform to a normal distribution with…
It is always possible that the true hypothesis has not yet been conceived, thus eliminating all but one hypothesis by crucial experiments will not necessarily lead to the truth.
Descartes’ determination hypothesis also incorporates a certain quantitative element, as revealed in a further controversial hypothesis that is often described as the “principle of least modal action”.
Lewis’s main argument for the Ability Hypothesis can be summarized like this. (1) The only alternative to the Ability Hypothesis is what he calls the Hypothesis of Phenomenal Information (HPI).
Since the corpuscular hypothesis holds impulse to be the primary if not the sole means by which bodies causally interact, then any phenomenon that the corpuscular hypothesis purports to explain by impulse is obscure if impulse itself is obscure.
But the experimental findings strongly suggest that in situations like those that Batson and his associates have studied, the empathy-altruism hypothesis offers a much better explanation of the subjects’ behavior than the aversive-arousal reduction hypothesis.
After removing the hypothesis that a nonblack raven will be observed, the only remaining possibility is that only black ravens will be observed, hence this hypothesis is verifiable in the restricted hypothesis space and receives simplicity rank 1.
In work carried out from 1938 to 1940, Gödel showed that the negation of the continuum hypothesis cannot be proved in ZF (that is, the hypothesis is consistent with the axioms of ZF), and in 1963 the American mathematician Paul Cohen showed that the continuum hypothesis itself cannot be proved in ZF.
- a proposal intended to explain certain facts or observations
- a tentative insight into the natural world; a concept that is not yet verified but that if true would explain certain facts or phenomena
Example: a scientific hypothesis that survives experimental testing becomes a scientific theory
- a message expressing an opinion based on incomplete evidence
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