This in turn fuels the thesis of incommensurability.
Value incommensurability also has been considered with respect to the law.
Value incommensurability also features in debates about akrasia (Nussbaum 2001, 113-117).
The sections on Feyerabend’s notion of incommensurability mirror the same basic structure.
Making a similar point, Ruth Chang points out that incommensurability is often conflated with incomparability.
As discussed above, social practices and institutions play a role in the inquiry into value incommensurability.
Methodological incommensurability (§4.1 above) denies that there are universal methods for making inferences from the data.
On several occasions, especially in (1927) and (1939a), Fleck uses the term “incommensurability” (niewspółmierność) of concepts or ideas.
A second argument for incommensurable values is grounded in the idea that value incommensurability is constitutive of certain goods and values.
One worry that may arise in appealing to such external resources is that they address the problem of value incommensurability by simply denying it.
One response to this third objection is that comparability in the case of nominal-notable comparisons need not rule out the incommensurability of values.
This entry outlines answers in the contemporary literature to these questions, starting with questions about the nature and possibility of value incommensurability.
An investigation of the source of these ideas reveals some of the founding fathers of the notion of incommensurability in the contemporary history and philosophy of science.
Some authors have argued that the possibility of value incommensurability raises problems for the possibility of justified choice in conflicts between incommensurable values.
By locating the incommensurability of values at the level of what is valuable about each of her children, Richardson argues that the tragedy of the dilemma points to value incommensurability.
Value incommensurability has also been invoked to make sense of a central feature of supposed moral dilemmas—namely, that no matter which alternative the agent chooses, she fails to do something she ought to do.
Griffin denies that pluralism entails incommensurability (Griffin uses the term incomparability) whereas other pluralists embrace incommensurability, but deny that it entails that rational choice is impossible.
Incommensurability between values must be distinguished from the kind of incommensurability associated with Paul Feyerabend (1978, 1981, 1993) and Thomas Kuhn (1977, 1983, 1996) in epistemology and the philosophy of science.
For details of the incommensurability debate, see the entry “The Incommensurability of Scientific Theories.” as well as Hoyningen-Huene and Sankey (2001) as a sample of the large literature on incommensurability.
incommensurability: of scientific theories | Kuhn, Thomas | logic: of belief revision | Popper, Karl | progress | realism: and theory change in science | scientific discovery | scientific explanation | scientific realism | scientific revolutions | truthlikeness
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