Why is perceptual learning philosophically significant?
(The processes of perceptual learning are treated in the article perception: Perceptual learning.)
Perceptual development involves perceptual learning.
The second part specifies different varieties of perceptual learning.
The psychology literature provides ample evidence of perceptual learning.
Transitive bodily sensations are the easiest to account for in perceptual terms.
The epistemology of such propositional perceptual states (if they exist) must be addressed elsewhere.
In cases of perceptual learning, it is the external environment that drives the perceptual changes.
Quite plausibly, then, perceptual psychology type-identifies perceptual computations through wide contents.
Openness can characterize perceptual experience which doesn’t involve genuine perceptual contact with the world.
Perceptual learning involves perceptual changes of a particular kind, namely, those that result from practice or experience.
On their views, these states are either the only sources of perceptual justification, or at any rate the best sources of perceptual justification.
If the mechanisms involved are uncharacteristic of perceptual learning, then that is a reason not to count the case as an instance of perceptual learning.
One of the main reasons for holding that improvements in perceptual discrimination can be genuinely perceptual is due to somewhat recent evidence from neuroscience.
Robert Goldstone’s account of perceptual learning, for instance, agrees with Gibson’s account in many respects, but it additionally offers a story of why perceptual changes occur.
But they do not arbitrate between dependence coherentism and experiential foundationalism, since both of those views appeal to perceptual experiences to explain why perceptual beliefs are justified.
This is not to say that it precludes evidence from playing any epistemic role but only that it does not require evidence for perceptual justification; an agent can have justified perceptual beliefs without having any evidence.
For our purposes, a theory of perceptual experience aims to identify a feature that is constitutive of perceptual experience: it is shared by all perceptual experiences, and identifies at least part of their nature.
The suggestion is that once one has a vast number of perceptual experiences with their associated perceptual contents and feelings of accepting and rejecting some of these, one qualifies as having a number of perceptual beliefs.
The phenomenology of such non-perceptual thoughts, together with one’s vast collection of perceptual beliefs and perceptual experiences, fixes a large number of non-perceptual beliefs and other non-perceptual propositional attitudes. (4) combines conclusions (1)–(3).
- of or relating to the act of perceiving
Example: perceptual stimulus
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