Thirty years of selection for…
Click the selection, being careful to stay in the region you want to exclude from the selection.
Therefore, this approach to kin and group selection does require a group-level adaptation from groups to count as units of selection.
(A) Random sequence generation (selection bias), (B) allocation concealment (selection bias), (C) blinding participants and personnel (performance bias), (D) blinding of outcome assessment (detection bias), (E) incomplete outcome data (attrition bias), (F) selection bias (reporting bias), and (G) other bias.
Stabilizing selection is often noticeable after artificial selection.
Group selection, in biology, a type of natural selection that acts collectively on all members of a given group.
Directional selection is possible only if there is genetic variation with respect to the phenotypic traits under selection.
Progeny selection is usually more effective than phenotypic selection when dealing with quantitative characters of low heritability.
Stanley dubbed Eldredge and Gould’s population-level selection process a form of species selection, and by 1977 the inventors of PE concurred.
The theoretical debate on the selection of dimensions has been complicated by the fact that there are different views on the status of the selection.
Thus, the functional claim of the pluralists is that anything that a hierarchical selection model can do, a genic selection model can do just as well.
It is easy to see how the two-pronged definition of a unit of selection—as interactor and manifestor of adaptation—held sway for so long in the species selection debates.
Types of selection are individual or mass selection, within and between family selection, sibling selection, and progeny testing, with many variations.
Meme selection, conditioning or some other forms of learning and neural selection are considered to be relevant kinds of selection by some proponents of teleosemantics.
William Wimsatt (1972), Ruth Millikan (1984), and Karen Neander (1991a), all treat the past history of natural selection as the selection process that legitimizes the notion of a biological function.
Some biologists, for example, have argued that kin selection is more easily applicable than group selection, and that kin selection can be applied whenever there is group selection (West, Griffin, & Gardner 2007, 2008).
In section 3, this taxonomy of questions is used to sort out some of the most influential positions in five debates: group selection (3.1), species selection (3.2), genic selection (3.3), genic pluralism (3.4), as well as units of evolutionary transition (3.5).
Those supporting a genic selection view in the 1970s were taken to task for mistakenly thinking that because they have successfully criticized group selection for group advantage, they can conclude that “natural selection is practically wholly genic”(Wright 1980: 841).
As discussed further below, controversies over the focused notion of selection have to do with whether the focused notion of selection can be distinguished from that of drift (section 3), and whether selection, in the focused sense, should be counted as a cause (section 5).
These requirements for “group selection” make perfect sense given that the prime target was a view of group selection that incorporated this same two-pronged definition of a unit of selection (see Borrello 2010 for a philosophically-oriented history of Wynne-Edwards and his views on group selection).
- the act of choosing or selecting
- an assortment of things from which a choice can be made
Example: the store carried a large selection of shoes
- the person or thing chosen or selected
- a natural process resulting in the evolution of organisms best adapted to the environment
- a passage selected from a larger work
On this page, there are 20 sentence examples for selection. They are all from high-quality sources and constantly processed by lengusa's machine learning routines.
Just use the " " button to fragment sentence examples and start your learning flow.
Example output from one of your searches: